The aging process and normal wear and tear can take a toll on your skin. From liver spots to stretch marks to overall dull-looking skin, your skin is likely to develop unsightly blemishes over time. Fortunately, you don’t have to resign yourself to living with these skin issues for the rest of your life. You can reverse the aging process and certain kinds of skin damage by adopting skin care techniques that help your skin look younger and healthier again.
Causes of Skin Spots and Blemishes
There are several things that can cause your skin to develop spots of hyperpigmentation. You should first determine what’s causing them to form, so you can make sure you use the right kind of dermatological products. Common causes of dark spots include hormonal changes, exposure to the sun’s UV rays, rashes and scars. Spots on certain areas of your face, such as your cheeks and forehead, are usually the result of hormonal changes caused by melasma. Freckles are typically caused by sun exposure, and you might end up with scarring from skin conditions like acne.
Brighten Your Skin
No matter what’s causing spots on your skin, you can use a brightening serum to make your skin look healthier. This serum should be used in the morning and at night after you’ve thoroughly cleansed your skin. Apply a layer of moisturizer over the brightening serum to help your skin stay hydrated.
Protect Your Skin From Sunlight
One of the best ways to reduce or prevent skin damage is by protecting your skin from sun exposure. This means wearing a hat to shield your face from the sun’s rays and applying sunscreen when you’re going to be out in the sun. For the best results, use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher, and reapply it every two hours. Don’t forget that the sun can be just as harsh on your skin in winter as it is in summer.
Home remedies can help lighten spots on your skin, but their effectiveness is limited. Try applying grape seed extract, bearberry, pomegranate, licorice or soy to your skin to reduce pigmentation. You only need to use a few drops at a time, but you should continue using your home remedy for at least three months. Avoid using anything with lemon in it since lemon can lead to darker spots.
Pamper Your Hands
Your hands can suffer from the effects of aging just as much as your face. Use a brightening hand cream to help reduce dark spots caused by sun exposure. Wear gloves when doing things like driving or gardening to limit the amount of sunlight on your hands.
Get Professional Help
A dermatologist can help you figure out what’s causing hyperpigmentation and recommend the best ways to treat it. Dermatological products that require a prescription are stronger than what you’ll find at the drugstore and should only be used on a short-term basis. Otherwise, you could actually end up with darker spots. These products should be used if over-the-counter products and home remedies haven’t been effective.
The author Sandy Getzky is an associate editor at ProveMyMeds, a public health and education startup focused on producing helpful resources concerning the treatment of common ailments.